Female Genital Surgery – Definition, Benefits, and Risks

female genital surgery

Female genital surgery is a common procedure for medical and cosmetic purposes. Aesthetic surgery on female genitalia serves to enhance the appearance and minimize discomfort. There are various procedures and techniques for different areas of the female genitals. They include:

  • Labiaplasty – a reconstruction surgery for the labia, typically labia minora
  • Clitoral hood reduction – a surgical procedure that removes excess skin from the hood
  • Labia majora remodeling – a procedure that improves the outer vaginal lips
  • Monplasty – a cosmetic surgery where excess skin and fatty tissue over the pubic bone gets reduced
  • Vaginoplasty – a reconstruction procedure of the vaginal canal

Benefits of the Genital Rejuvenation Surgery

Many patients seek genital reconstructive surgery for various reasons and benefits.


Female genital surgery is now becoming famous predominantly for cosmetic purposes. Patients want to improve the appearance of their genitalia. Various surgical procedures can fix such issues, from removing excess skin and fat to keeping the area lean and defining features or reconstructing mutilated areas.

Improving Function

Female genital mutilation causes significant scarring and exposes nerve endings at the clitoral hood, affecting its functioning. Reconstruction surgery can improve functioning and the appearance of the affected area. Similarly, procedures like vaginoplasty relieve patients with gender dysphoria by reconstructing their genitalia to be consistent with their gender identity.

Age and multiple births cause a slight loosening of the vagina wall. During menopause, hormonal changes interfere with the integrity of the vaginal wall, making it thin, dry, less acidic, and less flexible. Additionally, the vagina can overstretch or get injured after multiple births. Vaginoplasty helps to reconstruct or repair vaginal muscles to improve their function.

Enhance Sexual Gratification

Various studies report increased sexual satisfaction following genital cosmetic surgery. Although the outcome of such research does not include urogynecological evaluation, patients indicate psychosexual satisfaction after such procedures when done right and when pain, discomfort, and aesthetic genitalia issues.

Correct Medical Issues

Female genital surgery goes beyond cosmetic functions. It is also a solution to medical conditions involving the genitalia. Aside from female genital mutilation, genitoplasty can solve congenital conditions like intersex.

Increased Self Esteem

Female patients also seek genital rejuvenation surgery to increase their self-esteem. For example, a vaginal reconstruction can tighten the vaginal wall, improving the patient’s sexual experience and that of their partner. Thus, improving their psychosocial wellbeing. The desired genital alteration also boosts the patient’s confidence.

Risks Associated with Female Genital Surgery

Like any other surgical procedure, all forms of genitoplasty have risks. However, the risks increase if the surgeon is not certified or qualified to perform the surgery. It is vital to note that most genital reconstruction surgeries happen under private practice. Therefore, they remain unregulated. Expected risks include:

  • Wound infection at the surgical site that may spread to the rest of the body
  • Bleeding at the point of incision
  • Wound dehiscence causing separation of approximated wound edges because of improper wound healing
  • Scarring arising from the body producing excess scar tissue and wound not healing properly
  • Nerve exposure at the surgical site


What is Female Reproductive Surgery?

Female reproductive surgery is a procedure that aims to restore or maintain reproductive function. It is different from female genital cosmetic surgery, mainly performed for aesthetic functions, although it can solve some medical conditions. Reproductive surgeries include laparoscopy, laparotomy, tubal reversal surgery, and hysteroscopy, among others.

Is Female Genital Surgery Reversible?

Genital rejuvenation surgical procedures are irreversible. They involve removing skin and fat, resizing, and repositioning areas of the genitalia. The changes are permanent. It is vital to consider the permanence of the surgery outcome before resolving to get an appointment.

What Problems Does the Female Genital Surgery Solve?

Each genitoplasty procedure solves a different problem. Some provide several solutions. For instance, vaginoplasty improves the aesthetics of the vagina to the patient’s desired look, feel, and size. It also augments the function of the vagina. On the other hand, a labiaplasty procedure gets performed primarily to improve the aesthetics of the valva. It is dome to decrease the size of the labia minora.

Female rejuvenation surgeries are also corrective procedures. The vaginoplasty tightens vaginal walls when they become loose because of multiple childbirth and age. Some procedures enhance sexual pleasure and satisfaction, while others minimize pain and discomfort. The surgeon determines which surgery is suitable for the patient’s condition.

Who is Eligible For a Female Beautification Procedure?

Only aging adults can have genitoplasty because they are no longer growing their reproductive cycle. Young adults over 18 and in their early 20s are still growing. Therefore, the irreversible procedure may interfere with this growth, reverse its effects, or create another problem.

Is a Labiaplasty Expensive?

Cosmetic procedures vary between practices because of factors like location, frequency of service use, surgical team, facility charges, medication, and uniqueness of each case. Only the surgeon’s fee is estimable for such surgeries. The American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) in 2020 approximated a labiaplasty cost to be between $2,800 – $3,100.

Which Doctor Should I Consult for a Genital Aesthetics Surgery?

Plastic surgeons are the experts behind cosmetic surgeries. Medical surgeons like gynecologists do not perform such procedures because they are not under the practice of medicine.