Musculoskeletal Pain Treatments

Musculoskeletal Pain Treatments

Discover the latest in musculoskeletal pain treatments from bone to joint and muscle. Get the medical information you need to ask the right questions, make better choices and understand your treatment options

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The musculoskeletal system comprises the bones, muscles, ligaments, and tendons that support your body. It can be challenging to get relief when you have pain in any part of this complex network.

Musculoskeletal pain is the most common form of pain and the second leading cause of disability worldwide. In the United Kingdom, it affects three out of every ten adults.

Musculoskeletal discomfort can affect people of all ages and lead to chronic pain if left untreated.

What Are Some Of the Musculoskeletal Conditions?

Musculoskeletal conditions include:

  • Back pain (sciatica)
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Fibromyalgia (FM)
  • Muscle strains or tears
  • Sprains and strains

Musculoskeletal pain can be divided into two major groups: acute and chronic. Acute musculoskeletal pain is usually caused by an injury or trauma to the body, causing inflammation and muscle spasms, and physical discomfort.

Examples include sprained ankles, twisted knees, muscle pulls, and strains. Acute musculoskeletal pain may also be caused by a tumor pressing on nerves or spinal cord compression.

Musculoskeletal Chronic pain conditions refer to persistent discomfort lasting longer than 12 weeks. Chronic musculoskeletal pain may affect one part of your body or multiple parts simultaneously.

The condition affects both men and women equally, although men are more likely to experience chronic low back pain than women are.

Treatment for Musculoskeletal Pain

Musculoskeletal pain treatment includes:


For mild to moderate pain, your doctor may prescribe nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen and naproxen. He might suggest a narcotic medication such as codeine or oxycodone (OxyContin) for more severe pain. Narcotics can be addictive and cause serious side effects, so you should use them only under a doctor’s supervision.

These drugs can relieve swelling and pain but are not recommended for long-term use because they can cause stomach ulcers or kidney problems if taken regularly for more than a few weeks.

If you have chronic pain from arthritis or other conditions, your doctor may prescribe opioids, which are powerful drugs that dull the senses and cause sedation. These drugs can be addictive when used for more than a few weeks or months.

Physical Therapy

Physical or occupational therapy can help treat pain and reduce inflammation in your joints. You may also learn how to do exercises properly to strengthen your muscles and improve movement patterns.


Regular exercise can help relieve the pain of arthritis and other musculoskeletal conditions. But don’t exercise too strenuously because this can make symptoms worse instead of better.

Exercises that incorporate muscle strengthening and stretching, such as swimming, can also help because joints keep from taking stress when you’re in the water.

Heat therapy

Applying heat to sore muscles helps relax muscle spasms and decrease pain. Heat also improves blood flow to the area and speeds up healing time by increasing the body’s production of white blood cells, which fight infection and inflammation.

A hot bath or heating pad on the sore area is usually enough heat therapy for most people who have arthritis-related musculoskeletal pain.

Regenerative Therapies

Regenerative therapies include PRP injection, stem cell, and amniotic fluid therapy. These therapies offer regenerative solutions to musculoskeletal pain conditions such as fibromyalgia.

Stem cell treatment for fibromyalgia is similar to PRP treatment in that it involves injecting stem cells into a specific location. These stem cells reawaken dormant stem cells in the area, allowing for the start of repair and healing.

Other therapies may include:

  • Injections with anesthetic or anti-inflammatory drugs in or around the painful locations
  • Acupuncture or acupressure
  • Relaxation/biofeedback techniques
  • Osteopathic manipulation (a complete system of evaluation and treatment meant to achieve and sustain health by restoring normal function to the body)
  • Chiropractic care


What Causes Musculoskeletal Pain?

Musculoskeletal discomfort has a wide range of reasons. The wear and tear of daily activities can cause muscle tissue injury. Musculoskeletal discomfort can also be caused by trauma (jerking motions, motor accidents, falls, fractures, sprains, dislocations, and direct impacts on the muscle).

Postural tension, repetitive motions, overuse, and prolonged immobility are all causes of discomfort. Adjustments in posture or poor body mechanics can cause problems with spinal alignment and muscular shortening, causing other muscles to be overworked and sore.

Who are the musculoskeletal pain specialists?

An orthopedic surgeon, often known as an orthopedist, is a doctor who specializes in bone and joint injuries and ailments. So, the musculoskeletal system is the specialty of orthopedists.

What are the Symptoms of Musculoskeletal Pain?

Symptoms differ from person to person; however, the following are the most common:

  • Pain such as headaches
  • Fatigue
  • Disturbances in sleep
  • Musculoskeletal pain causes the entire body to hurt. Muscles twitch or burn from time to time.

How Do You Diagnose Musculoskeletal Pain?

Your physician will conduct a detailed physical examination and medical history. The doctor may also conduct clinical studies to confirm the diagnosis.

What are the Common Musculoskeletal Pain Conditions?

The three most prevalent musculoskeletal problems reported are trauma, back pain, and arthritis, resulting in annual visits to doctors’ offices, emergency rooms, and hospitals.

How Long Does Musculoskeletal Pain Last?

Musculoskeletal pain can last more than three months and affects the muscles, joints, and bones.

Bottom Line

Pain sucks, but there are virtually hundreds of treatment options for patients with various musculoskeletal pains. However, how can a clinician possibly sort through the numerous treatment options and determine which one is best? Through PPC Pay Per Click for health professionals, discover the latest treatments, news, and more about musculoskeletal pain—arthritis, fibromyalgia, and back pain.