An Overview of Foot and Ankle Medicine

Foot and ankle problems are common and often painful. They affect millions of elderly Americans every year. In fact, one in three adults experiences foot discomfort, stiffness, or hurting feet.

Additionally, foot and ankle injuries are common among athletes, seniors, people with diabetes, and others who engage in high-impact activities. Foot pain can make it difficult to get out of a chair or climb stairs, as well as make it difficult to move and perform daily tasks. Remember, losing movement due to pain can lead to weight gain, weakened muscles, and impaired cardiac function.

But, you do not have to tolerate foot pain simply because you are aging? Walking well is crucial because it’s one of the best ways to exercise and maintain fitness. So, if you suffer from foot pain, you might want to see a podiatrist. Podiatrists specialize in treating feet and ankles.

Well, what causes foot pain? What treatments are effective? How should I care for my feet? These questions and more are answered here.

Some of the Foot and Ankle Problems

Foot and ankle injuries are common among athletes, especially those involved in contact sports. They are the leading cause of non-contact athletic injury. Common foot and ankle injuries include sprains, fractures, tendonitis, arthritis, bursitis, and stress fractures. These injuries can occur from direct trauma (e.g., hitting your foot against a hard object) or indirect trauma (e.g., twisting your ankle).

Foot problems can range from minor issues such as ingrown toenails or bunions to serious conditions such as diabetes, arthritis, and plantar fasciitis, as discussed:

  • Bunions. A bony growth or misplaced bone is at the base of the big toe or occasionally on the tiny toe. The big toe may eventually bend abnormally in the direction of the little toes.
  • Corns and calluses Toes with thickened, yellowed, and dead skin.
  • Hammertoes. Toe joints that curl up or are under, either rigidly or with considerable flexibility, frequently culminate in a severely dislocated joint (the second toe is most commonly afflicted, but all the middle toes may be impacted).
  • Toenail issues. Toenails are enlarged, ingrown (growing into the skin), or discolored.
  • Diabetes-related foot issues may consist of recalcitrant foot ulcers that are challenging to heal, numbness, or circulation issues.
  • Foot issues related to deformities. These might be brought on by arthritis (including rheumatoid arthritis and gout).
  • Heel ache: Back of the arch discomfort is brought by plantar fasciitis or heel spurs (bony outgrowth) (an inflamed ligament along the bottom of the foot).

Other less typical foot issues that older persons may experience include the following:

  • Arch hurt. From flat feet, fallen arches, or very high arches.
  • Tarsal tunnel disorder. A condition caused by pinched nerves.
  • Achilles tendinitis is inflammation of the tendon that joins your calf muscle and heel bone.
  • Death’s neuroma. Between the third and fourth toes, a nerve development.

Medicines to Treat Foot and Ankle Issues

Foot and ankle injuries are common and often painful. If you suffer from foot or ankle pain, you probably want to get relief. Several ways to treat these conditions include icing, heat therapy, stretching exercises, massage, and even surgery.

Other ways include foot and ankle medicine as follows:


Analgesic medications can help relieve pain from injury, inflammation, infection, or other causes. These drugs are used to treat acute (short-term) pain and chronic (long-term) pain. They may be taken orally, injected into the muscle, or applied topically.


Antibiotics are drugs that kill bacteria. They are usually prescribed to treat bacterial infections. There are many different types of antibiotics, including penicillin, tetracycline, erythromycin, cephalosporin, and sulfonamides.

Anti-inflammatory Drugs

Anti-inflammatory drugs reduce swelling and pain caused by inflammation. Examples include aspirin, ibuprofen, Aleve, Voltaren gel, naproxen, and cortisone. These are especially helpful for sprained ankle and Achilles tendonitis.


Why Do My Feet And Ankles Ache?

The most frequent causes include accidents, arthritic conditions, and everyday wear and tear. You might have discomfort or stiffness anywhere near the ankle, depending on the cause. You might not be capable of putting any weight on your ankle because of swelling and pain. Rest, ice, and over-the-counter pain relievers frequently help with ankle pain.

What Are Some of the Self-Care Tips for Ankle and Foot Pain?

  • Avoid putting weight on the damaged foot or ankle by resting.
  • Apply an ice pack or frozen vegetables to the painful area for 20 minutes every two to three hours while keeping them covered in a moist cloth.
  • Wrap a bandage around the sore area to apply compression.
  • Elevate your foot to decrease swelling.

What Medication Should I Use For Ankle Inflammation?

In addition to over-the-counter painkillers, an ice pack or compression bandage can assist reduce swelling. One may need to consult a doctor to rule out more serious harm if the swelling and pain do not disappear.

Is Painkillers Safe To Use For Foot Pain?

Just like in musculoskeletal pain treatment, pain killers are important in managing foot pain. Opioids, acetaminophen (Tylenol), and other analgesics are frequently prescribed for arthritis of the foot and other joints. They could also be employed to ease discomfort brought on by surgery or other foot issues.