Female infertility is quite a common reproductive problem. In the United States, about 19% of women aged 15 to 45 face this problem.
About a quarter of women in this age group also face difficulty conceiving or carrying a pregnancy to term. There are many issues that can cause female infertility, and its treatment largely depends on its cause.
But based on real patient testimonials, female infertility patients have a good chance of getting children if they choose to work with the right fertility experts. Here is what you need to know about female infertility.
What is Female Infertility?
Female infertility is a condition in which a woman’s ability to get pregnant and have children is limited or impaired in some way. Among heterosexual couples, infertility is diagnosed after at least one year of regular unprotected intercourse without conception.
However, it is worth noting that only a third of all infertility cases are a result of female problems. Male-related causes account for about a third of all infertility cases, while the other third is a result of unexplained or unknown causes.
Female infertility has to do with infertility cases that occur due to female problems.
What Causes Female Infertility?
There are many issues that can lead to female infertility. This explains why pinpointing the exact cause of infertility in any particular case can be difficult. Some of the most common causes of female infertility include:
Problems with Egg Quality and Quantity
Women are born with all their eggs. However, the number of these eggs keeps going down with time, and in some cases, the supply could run out before menopause.
Besides, some eggs might have defects that might make them unsuitable for fertilization. Both low quality and quantity of eggs can make it more difficult for a woman to get pregnant.
Problems with Ovulation
If a woman is not ovulating regularly, then it can be quite difficult for her to conceive. This problem can occur due to several issues, including hormonal imbalances, substance abuse, severe stress, thyroid problems, and pituitary tumors.
Fallopian Tubes Problems
Fallopian tubes are some of the most important parts of the female reproductive system. This is because fertilization takes place here. These tubes also carry the fertilized eggs to the uterus.
The fallopian tubes can get damaged by pelvic infections, pelvic surgery, or even endometriosis. Unfortunately, scars from these damages can block the tubes and prevent the sperm from reaching the egg, making it impossible or more difficult for a woman to conceive.
There are several uterine problems associated with female infertility. Examples of such problems include polyps and fibroids. Polyps develop when too many cells grow on the lining of the uterus. Fibroids are tumors that grow in the uterus. These problems make it difficult for women to conceive and carry pregnancies.
Risk Factors for Female Infertility
There are many factors that can make some women more susceptible to female infertility than others. Lifestyle choices, genetic traits, and medical conditions are some general issues that can contribute to female infertility. Some more specific risk factors for female infertility include:
- Age- older women are more likely to have difficulty conceiving than younger women
- Abnormal menstrual cycles
- Being underweight
- Uterine fibroids
- Chemotherapy and radiotherapy treatments for cancer
- Autoimmune disorders
- Excessive drinking/ smoking/ drug abuse
- Blocked fallopian tubes
- Hormonal problems that affect ovulation
- A past ectopic pregnancy
How Is Female Infertility Diagnosed?
As mentioned above, infertility is diagnosed when a woman fails to get pregnant after at least 12 months of regular unprotected sex.
However, for doctors to determine the exact cause of female infertility in any particular case, they might need to take several tests.
Examples of tests that are used to diagnose female infertility include pelvic exams, overall physical exams, pap tests, blood tests, transvaginal ultrasounds, Hysteroscopy, and X-ray hysterosalpingogram (HSG), among others.
Treatment for Infertility
Female infertility can be treated in many different ways, depending on its cause. Once a doctor has diagnosed infertility and pinpointed its underlying cause, they will choose the appropriate treatment option.
For instance, if the underlying cause of female infertility is a structural problem, treatment might involve surgery. On the other hand, if the cause of infertility is hormonal imbalance, treatment will involve medication.
In vitro fertilization (IVF) may be the right solution if the cause of female infertility has to do with the low quality or quantity of eggs.
The Bottom Line
Overall, it is apparent that female infertility is quite a common reproductive issue. It can occur due to several causes, meaning that the right treatment for it depends on its underlying cause. If you are unable to get pregnant after one year of regular unprotected sex, you need to seek the services of a fertility expert such as such as Dr. Peyman. The fertility expert will conduct the necessary tests to diagnose the underlying cause of your problem and propose the most effective treatment options to try. Based on Dr. Peyman Reviews and case studies, you can rest rest assured that you will be working with a professional who understands what needs to be done.